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91
English / Re: Kindly look at these sentences
« Last post by Daniel on January 08, 2018, 08:32:02 AM »
Churchill is the only person who remembers Churchill (himself) giving that particular speech.
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English / Kindly look at these sentences
« Last post by binumal on January 08, 2018, 07:46:04 AM »
   Here are two sentence taken from Hornstein's book.                                                    a. a.  Only Churchill remembers himself giving the BST speech
b.  Only Churchill remembers that he gave the BST speech.    -                                       How would you paraphrase the  sentence?  Who remembers what?     Can this sentence be paraphrased as " Churchil only remembers himself giving the BST speech"?
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Linguist's Lounge / Re: Aspiring Linguist
« Last post by Daniel on January 07, 2018, 07:30:02 PM »
If your question is about getting a job, then I would recommend a career-oriented Master's degree rather than a PhD. A doctorate prepares you for one thing: being a professor. At least in an academic field like Linguistics. There are few jobs out there in the "industry". And the jobs in academia are very competitive. If you are certain you want to pursue that path, then I'm not saying you shouldn't. But it's not the easiest or most certain way to a career. That's where I am now, looking for a job as I finish my PhD. A much more direct way to a job is to get a Master's in Speech Pathology, ESL, translation, or computational linguistics. You can still do some Linguistics on the way, but you'll be prepared for a job out there in the world. At best, a PhD would give you the same qualifications as a Master's (and often not!) if you end up looking for a job outside academia.
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Sure, you can do that (or become an Indo-Europeanist still). Typically these specialties allow a little flexibility-- teaching Russian language classes while doing Slavic linguistics research for publication, etc. But it would also limit the topics for your research in a way--  if you work in a Slavic department you would end up mostly doing research on Slavic. Which might be fine for you. You should look at researchers today to see what career path you'd like to do. Then the big question is just whether you can get one of those jobs-- always a trade off-- narrow specialization means you're an expert in a narrow field if that job becomes available but not qualified for a slightly different job. Getting a job these days requires some luck.
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Morphosyntax / Re: Echo Questions
« Last post by Daniel on January 07, 2018, 06:04:01 PM »
I'm still not sure I understand. Echo questions are Wh-questions that function like yes/no questions, true. But I'm not sure where there's room for a third type. Feel free to give some examples (minimal pairs style would help).
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English / Re: please look at this sentence
« Last post by Daniel on January 07, 2018, 06:01:41 PM »
"Used to" highlights a sense of contrast. Both are fine, and the simple past would be the default.

Note: "the Second World War" vs. (no "the") "World War II".
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English / Re: please look at this sentence
« Last post by binumal on January 07, 2018, 01:05:55 PM »
If it is in the past,for example - a)During the World War Two, He woke up at 5.am every day or  b)During the World War Two, He used to  wake up at 5.am every day - which would be preferable?
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Morphosyntax / Re: Echo Questions
« Last post by binumal on January 07, 2018, 12:55:56 PM »
Does it differentiate them semantically as well as syntactically? I'm not sure what that would look like.
Imagine a language which has a question particle that mark interrogatives in addition to an in situ Wh-phrase.What reading would we get if we skip the question particle? Wouldn' t it sound like an echo question? It happens in  some (if not all)spoken varieties of  Malayalam,many spoken varieties in the language  use a particle (e(e)) attatched to the main verb, if this question particle is not pronounced the utterance get an echo-question (like) interpretation....... Not requesting for information,but seeking confirmation of an information- isnt that the property of  an echo-question?
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Thank you for answer! So, now I have no doubt. But how about becoming, for example, Slavic linguist, Germanic linguist, Baltic linguist? Some people say that it would be better to be researcher with something more specific
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Morphosyntax / Re: Syntactic Trees in your posts! [instructions]
« Last post by Daniel on January 06, 2018, 10:13:29 PM »
That's a good question. Unfortunately the linguistics notation conflicts with a programming issue: apostrophes are automatically "escaped" with slashes by the server in order to prevent any attacks with malicious code.

There is probably a way around this, but I've looked into it just briefly, and I think it would require modifying PHP Syntax Tree's code directly (rather than how I've integrated it), and I don't have the time to work that out at the moment (and I prefer to leave third-party plugins alone if possible). I may look into it again later-- it's a good question. Feel free to remind me if it keeps bugging you. If I get some time or want a project to take a break from other things, I might try it. It could be as simple as manually filtering out "\'" from the text that goes into the trees (very surface level, on the PHP Syntax Tree side of things), but the trick there would be finding the right line of code to do that, which is often the tricky part (finding, not fixing). This is actually a bug that should be fixed by PHP Syntax Tree in general (it's an unfortunate coincidence!). Could also try asking the developers about that if they are still working on the project.

Thanks for the feedback.

For now, I would say just go ahead with it as-is-- odd looking, but readable, not really ambiguous. Or you could use an alternative symbol like `.
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