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Computational Linguistics / Master's degree in computational linguistics
« Last post by george90 on February 18, 2018, 03:45:16 AM »
Hello everybody!
I am a philology major and have taken courses of Linguistics(more theoretical) during my studies. I am actually really interested in working as a computational linguist (not so much for an academic career). Could anyone suggest a good MA programme in Europe  to set me up for a career? I have also started learning programming in C++ two months ago, hope that proves helpful. Any general advice for entering the field would also be higly appreciated.
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Linguist's Lounge / Re: Aspiring Linguist
« Last post by turnoi on February 18, 2018, 03:21:42 AM »
There are several options:
1. Looking for a job as a freshly graduated linguist from uni could make you a credentialled taxi driver, a pizza hut vendor, a doorman or an ESL teacher (the latter, which is according to my experience not a real job with prospects for a good career).
2. If you do not opt for an academic career at uni, you should be able to master at least 2 or 3 foreign languages with a high proficiency level (near nativ-speaker level) which would enable you to work as a translator/interpreter.
3. Otherwise, specialise in an area like Psycholinguistics or Forensic Linguistics; those are areas where you can apply your lingustic knowledge and competencies in practice if there is a demand for someone like you.

Being an excellent linguist academically alone will - unfortunately - not help in "earning your bread"!

Good luck!
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Linguist's Lounge / Re: Introduction Thread
« Last post by turnoi on February 18, 2018, 03:09:38 AM »
I am new here and just registered for access to this forum. I am a retired university professor in Linguistics and spent most of my professional life abroad in developping nations in teaching, research and working with several community projects organised by ethnic groups on language developoment and reform. I also have a passion for education and initiated some non-proifit projects helping students mature and grow. I specialised in areas like language planning, foreign language teacher training and linguistic field research with a focus on Sino-Tibetan and Bantu languages in Africa. Currently, I am helping a Ph. D. graduate student from Nepal to accomplish a research project on the native language of this student. The language is Dhimal with approx. 20,000 speakers in Nepal and India which I estimate to be one of the endangered languages.
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Morphosyntax / Copular Clauses -- Predicational, Specificational & Equative
« Last post by Morphosyntax on February 18, 2018, 12:52:12 AM »
What is the difference between a specificational copular clause and an equative copular clause?

I know that a predicational CC ascribes a property to the subject, e.g. "Mary is pretty", but I can't quite seem to put my finger on how the two other CCs differ. Both look and feel the same to me, and both can invert.

Spec CC: Mary is the president of the IT club -- The president of the football club is Mary
Equative: Mary is Jane -- Jane is Mary

Is it that in equative CCs, two existing entities are given the same identity, and in specificational CCs,  there's only one entity and that entity is assigned a value?
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Linguist's Lounge / Re: The ethimology of the word “Decomposed”
« Last post by panini on February 17, 2018, 09:15:50 AM »
"Deconstruct" is a modern term most generally meaning something in literary studies: ideas and the like are what is most frequently deconstructed. If a thing A is made up of parts but the parts are usually not presented separately, and if you present the assembled bare elements, you could say that you have an A, deconstructed, especially if you are inclined to use the word deconstruct.

Decomposition generally refers to rotting, and I cannot think of any context where it can be cutely used to refer to "not combining the ingredients to form the end product". The distinction doesn't have to do with liquids versus solids. It would be odd to take the ingredients of a drink and say that you're going to "compose" a Harvey Wallbanger from them (unless you're in a group of musicians).
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Linguist's Lounge / The ethimology of the word “Decomposed”
« Last post by Walidsad22 on February 16, 2018, 06:32:42 PM »
Hi Everyone,

Im Walid and happy to be here, I am French and live in New York

I have this debate with friends over the deference of the word ( Decompose and Deconstruct).

As a case study I am in need of a professional linguistic opinion, the situation is about a drink served with all the components being apart for them to be composed / constructed.

My point is that deconstructed is applicable to a solid matter as in constructing something and decomposing is related to liquids and chemical mixture ( as a drink is a actual chemically mixture of deferent substance/ as in mixing oil and water ( which is none to be none homogeneous).

I do believe that Americans mix common and general knowledge as ultimate truth.

I would like to have a professional expertise from a linguist.

Thank you guys

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Historical Linguistics / Re: Historical linguistics for music
« Last post by panini on February 15, 2018, 02:21:04 PM »
I think the key to the lack of resonances is the lack of a frame of reference. I didn't used to understand Uighur music, until I did (by reference to Persian and Arabic music, which in itself was the product of other reference points like Andalusian and distinguishing North and South Indian music). I won't claim that I understand Uighur music, but now I think I can at least distinguish it from Kazakh.
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Historical Linguistics / Re: Historical linguistics for music
« Last post by Joustos on February 15, 2018, 02:05:35 PM »
Dear Befuddled, perhaps now I can get closer to addressing your concern: In so many (or so few) words, I have been speaking of the "anatomy" of European music-systems. So, when you hear some music which has a different anatomy, you cannot grasp it, and you even wander whether it is music at all. [We are already involved in the ambiguities of the word "Music", which I will not try to clarify.] We should realize that a music piece is not linguistic at all. The major difference between it and a poem or a speech or a sentence is that the music is not  denotative; it does not say anything about any thing. Speaking is directed to some mind and conveys some message. At the most we can say that music is directed to the "heart" (as the supposed organ of emotions and moods). The ancient Greek theorists realized that each "Mode" -- associated with certain rhythms -- has a certain feeling or "tone" [Gr. Tonos]: exuberant or lugubrious or lascivious. Some modern theorists, too, admit that melodies composed according to diverse scales imply different moods, such as exuberant in major-tone compositions and lugubrious in minor-tone compositions. Many music lovers agree that music ("classical music") expresses or provokes emotions, and I know that at least one musicologist analyzed works of Tchaikovsky to show specifically how he fashioned melodies to express various emotions. Vocal music and especially some operas are loaded with emotion-expressing melodies. So, music (either eastern or western) which does not touch the hear does not seem to be music at all. The music systems and the talents of the composers are responsible for Emotive Music and Abstract Music. I think we can agree in this, that music is any beautiful composition (or sequence) of sounds.
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Sociolinguistics / Re: Urban dialect
« Last post by Daniel on February 15, 2018, 12:42:18 PM »
I believe that is what the term means. A (usually distinctive) dialect of a dense population in a city. An example would be, of course, a "New York accent". But just like other dialects, boundaries and sizes are not clear.

I think the term "urban dialect" sometimes refers to minority ethnic/racial, or just the general/non-upper class, populations specifically, but it shouldn't be limited to that meaning. Whatever is a distinctive description of how people speak in a particular urban area.

Of course the best source for this would be to look at current research (or textbooks) that use the term and give examples. It would be very easy to find dozens of examples on Google Books just by searching the term, for example.
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Sociolinguistics / Urban dialect
« Last post by dalila on February 15, 2018, 12:35:21 PM »
Hi everybody, can you give me the definition of "urban dialect" . I searched the web but I couldn't find it. I think an urban dialect is a dialcet spoken in the city (obviously) as opposed to a rural dialect spoken in rural areas, but I think such definition is just too generic and inaccurate.
You can also give me an example.
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