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Morphosyntax / MOVED: Syllable: CVC, CVCC, etc
« Last post by Daniel on June 12, 2019, 09:20:12 PM »
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Phonetics and Phonology / Syllable: CVC, CVCC, etc
« Last post by songsri.ts on June 12, 2019, 09:12:30 PM »
I would like to ask for help since I am not a pure linguist. I have a list of words and I analyzed them with my Thai friends. We are not sure that we do them correctly, so we post here ask for your kindness to check & correct. Many thanks.
1   a   V
2   the   CV
3   and   VCC
4   is   VC
5   your   CVC
6   my   CV
7   it   VC
8   listen   CVCV/ CVCR
9   you   CV
10   this   CVC
11   in   VC
12   say   CVV
13   make   CVC
14   book   CVC
15   do   CV
16   are   V
17   like   CVC
18   there   CV
19   words   CVCC
20   have   CVC
21   that   CVC
22   on   VC
23   draw   CCVV
24   to   CV
25   point   CVVCC
26   write   CVC
27   use   VC
28   project   CCVV CVCC
29   hello   CVCVV
30   look   CVC
31   what   CVC
32   yes   CVC
33   has   CVC
34   no   CV
35   they   CV
36   he   CV
37   who   CV
38   at   VC
39   then   CVC
40   activity   VCCVCVCVV
41   some   CVM/ CVC
42   with   CVC
43   play   CCVV
44   two   CCV
45   can   CVC
46   number   CVM CR
47   sing   CVM/ CVC
48   about   VCVVC
49   happy   CVCVV
50   Isn’t   VCRC
51   little   CVCB
52   out   VC
53   hi   CV
54   pictures   CVC CRC
55   sentences   CVCVCVC
56   she   CCV
57   sister   CVCCR
58   circle   CRCR
59   get   CVC
60   we   CV
61   word   CVC
62   activities   VCCVCVCVC
63   does   CVC
64   family   CVCVCV
65   for   CV
66   not   CVC
67   time   CVC
68   blue   CCVV
69   brother   CCVCR
70   run   CVC
71   show   CV
72   these   CVC
73   where   CVC
74   an   VC
75   orange   VVCVMC
76   put   CVC
77   unit   VCVC
78   act   VCC
79   pencil   CVMRC
80   picture   CVCCR
81   answer   VMCR
82   bike   CVC
83   red   CVC
84   big   CVC
85   fish   CVC
86   friends   CCVCCC
87   grammar   CCVCVC
88   correct   CVCVCC
89   of   VC
90   colour   CVCR
91   go   CV
92   jump   CVMC
93   one   VCV
94   three   CCVV
95   black   CCVC
96   work   CVC
97   face   CVVCV
98   find   CVCC
99   here   CVVCV
100   me   CV
101   tree   CCV
102   box   CVC
103   christmas   CVCCCVC
104   dad   CVC
105   kite   CVC
106   take   CVC
107   cake   CVC
108   mother   CVCR
109   story   CCVVCVV
110   cat   CVC
111   fun   CVC
112   match   CVCC
113   shirt   CCVC
114   off   VC
115   repeat   CVCVVC
116   yellow   CVCVV
117   bird   CVC
118   cut   CVC
119   doesn’t   CVCRC
120   dog   CVC
121   feelings   CVVCVMC
122   friend   CCVMC
123   his   CVC
124   how   CV
125   milk   CVCC
126   mum   CVC
127   pink   CVCC
128   ruler   CVCR
129   small   CCVC
130   clock   CCVVC
131   four   CVVC
132   helmet   CVM CVC
133   ride   CVC
134   room   CVVC
135   shoes   CVVC
136   ask   VVC
137   chant   CVVCC
138   green   CCVC
139   missing   CVCVM
140   park   CVVCC
141   pen   CVC
142   purple   CRCR
143   swim   CCVR
144   eyes   VC
145   listening   CVCVCVM
146   ten   CVC
147   walk   CVCC
148   apple   CVR
149   chair   CVC
150   dig   CVC

Thanks for your help & kindness

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Morphosyntax / Re: Present Perfect and Past Simple
« Last post by Daniel on June 12, 2019, 08:21:44 PM »
Yes, that sounds accurate. (I would say that the past tense would be best for story telling, recounting events to someone, disconnected from the present, rather than, as you say, knowing something now.)
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Morphosyntax / Re: Present Perfect and Past Simple
« Last post by Natalia on June 12, 2019, 07:44:56 AM »
All right, here's how I see it: if I wanted to stress that now I know something about the person's country, I'd use "I've learnt". By using the past simple tense I'm just focusing on the mere fact that I learnt something at a certain moment in the past. Is that correct?
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Morphosyntax / Re: Present Perfect and Past Simple
« Last post by Daniel on June 12, 2019, 12:55:46 PM »
Either way. There isn't anything "correct" or "incorrect" about that. It just frames it a little differently.
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Morphosyntax / Re: Present Perfect and Past Simple
« Last post by Natalia on June 12, 2019, 06:47:11 AM »
Hello again. I'm wondering if it'd be correct to start a sentence in the past tense and then switch to the present perfect (as I'd like to emphasise the present result)? Here's an example sentence: "I wanted to learn a little more about your country, so I did some research and found out some realy interesting facts. For example, I've learnt that..."

Or it'd be more accurate to say "I learnt..." to keep everything in the past tense?
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Linguist's Lounge / Re: A Free BA in Linguistics!
« Last post by Daniel on June 10, 2019, 03:36:27 PM »
As Panini said, programs vary a lot in specialization, but also theoretical approach. That matters more for graduate programs, but will still (even if you're not expecting it) affect how you experience those topics as an undergraduate. For example, at Oslo you'd be likely to study syntax with LFG, a grammatical theory you probably wouldn't experience elsewhere. Whether that's a good thing just depends on your preferences, which, ironically, will only develop after you've studied a bit. Or Dusseldorf happens to be a place with Role & Reference Grammar (otherwise only really popular at New York's University at Buffalo). Some other areas don't vary so much theoretically (but might vary otherwise, like what kind of research labs are on campus, and what kind of experimental approach are most popular there), and as Panini said, maybe just picking a school with lots of languages is a good place to start. Interestingly, I wouldn't have necessarily picked the same recommendations as Panini, probably just because our interests are a little different, and because there are many good universities. By the way, at least the University of Helsinki has a good program in Finland, from what I've heard (from graduate students, though I don't know specifically about the undergraduate program).

Honestly at the undergraduate level, the biggest factors will be availability of classes (make sure the program is large enough and offers everything you'd like, and often enough that you can take it during your years there), as well as your general experience in the location. There are a lot of different options that will all give you, academically, very good experiences. Remember, sometimes your classes will be taught by PhD students instead of professors anyway. And often you might even enjoy the classes with the PhD students more because they might have more time to get to know you and be more relatable to your experience, so it's not always about finding the "best" ("top", etc.) people/programs, but about the overall experience. The "best" are also not always the best instructors (most fun, most energetic, most relatable), so there are various tradeoffs there too. I'm not saying to avoid top schools either. Just lots of options, and you shouldn't be concerned about a school that's the right fit for you instead of what might look the best on paper.

It's hard for me to make any specific recommendations, simply because there are so many different possible experiences, and many of them would be good, and it also depends on you, both your interests now, and how they will develop at any particular program.

In terms of specifics, you're going to find by far the most options in Germany (although I don't know about costs). Norway seems to have a relatively strong focus on Linguistics at many schools so you'll also find a number of options there. And then many in France too. And a few in Finland.

Based on your question, honestly I'd focus more on realistic options. If you can get a degree for free, that's great, so see where you'll be accepted, and enjoy the experience. It will probably be a good one.

If your goal is to just get a degree, then some of the more specific issues like preference of linguistic theory won't matter so much (at most you'll have to pass a class or two you don't like). And if your goal is to then continue to graduate school, you can try something different then once you've found your interests and goals in the field. So either way you can be flexible now.

One recommendation I'd suggest would be to look at the design of the programs/departments. It's often a little different in Europe than in the US. Instead of one big "Linguistics" program, some schools either have different programs or different sub-groups for different topics of theories. If possible, for an undergraduate program, I'd recommend finding a more integrated program where you get to experience lots of different perspectives, rather than having a narrower experience that might or might not fit your developing interests, and give you the experience to think about different options for graduate school later. Once you get to graduate school, a more focused program could be a good thing, but you'll need to wait until you know your interests to pick the right one.

In short, my suggestion is simple: look at the department websites, and look at the lists of classes. Any university offering many classes in Linguistics is a good one for an undergraduate degree. This also means they probably have a lot of diverse faculty (and graduate students) and good funding to offer all of those classes. And languages are probably close by too.
(And by the way, you can look at the program requirements/options too. What about research? Are there options for undergrads to do research? Or is there a required thesis? Does the program offer flexibility to take extra language classes if you want? Etc.)
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Linguist's Lounge / Re: A Free BA in Linguistics!
« Last post by panini on June 10, 2019, 07:49:07 AM »
You narrowed it down to 4 languages, pretty much. I have definite recommendations for Norway and France -- Tromsø and Nice (U. Côte d'Azure). Then maybe Düsseldorf. It's actually a bit difficult to study linguistics in Finland. But I might change my recommendations if you were interested in something specific in linguistics. If you're really just interested in learning languages, you probably want a university with a lot of language programs.
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Linguist's Lounge / A Free BA in Linguistics!
« Last post by In Search of Lost Words on June 09, 2019, 05:53:41 PM »
For my fellow Americans, the title of this post no doubt explains why you're here reading my message. A free degree! It does seem quite unrealistic. However, in a few European countries, it is quite realistic (even for international students). I would like to know what are the top linguistic programs in these countries - and out of all these countries. Any input you can give is appreciated.

I'm considering pursuing a degree internationally within the next year. And free is hard to beat (even if there are living expenses, small fees, and book costs). Many universities even offer courses in English! Of course, being a language-lover, the true purpose of this post is to determine what language I should learn next! Below are four countries with very favorable tuition costs.
1. Norway
2. Finland
3. Germany
4. France

Thank you for the advice!
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This sounds like a homework assignment. We don't do that here. It's been assigned to you so that you learn, and you should have the necessary resources (your textbook, asking your instructor, etc.). Also, the details of syntactic theory vary substantially from class to class so the "right answer" really is specific to your class, not what you're going to find online.

As for Binding Theory and Principles A, B and C, this is a major topic covered in almost any introductory textbook in Generative Syntax, and has been discussed in thousands of publications, as well as, for example, Wikipedia. So there's a lot you can read about it.

But these look like somewhat leading questions to me, probably referring to specific details discussed in your class. So looking more closely at your materials, rather than online, is probably your best option.
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