Author Topic: Arabic Pharyngealized form of r- phoneme !!!  (Read 2995 times)

Offline alm-alr

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Arabic Pharyngealized form of r- phoneme !!!
« on: February 11, 2015, 06:30:32 AM »
Arabic Pharyngealized form of r- phoneme !!!
I have seen an important  Arabic video concerning the r-phoneme  and its allophones and want to drop a topic, about it …before that you  should know that  Arab and Muslims give  unlimited ,ultimate care  to  Qur'an  reciting correctly as it was recited by the first generations where Qur'an was revealed .The way of “correct “recitation “ of Qur'an is called “Tajweed”  (literally means perfect recitation )  and the way of pronouncing  even  single phoneme or consonants blend must be done correctly , The principles of Tajweed were conveyed from one generation to the next ,  through written documents.
Here is a video from Dr.Swed one of  the authorized  Tajweed teachers ( He has PhD in Arabic Language ) explaining the way of pronunciation of r- phoneme  .He tells us that according to “the old documents concerning Qur'an Tajweed  we have two kinds of 'r' one is called “ Mufexxam “  in other words 'emphatic; , or  heavy ' which comes in  8 cases or positions  of Quran recitation , the other is called “Muraqqeqeh  :soft ,thin ,tender or maybe light ,and it happens to come in 4 positions .This depends on the position of 'r' in the word and its  surroundings letters ….etc and there are only 2 cases which 'r' can be pronounced in either way.
 The picture  herewith  shows   the tongue shape and position in case of “r- Mufaxxam” to the right , while “r-Mureqqaqeh “ to the left . He said precisely that although both 'r's articulated from the same point , but with Mufaxxam the  tongue takes a special concave shape and  in the same time the epiglottis retracts  and thus constrict the pharynx.
   One serious conclusion can be built on his explanation :
  Other than the non-emphatic (r)  ,,,the emphatic 'r' has two components :Primary one due to known normal point of of articulation of 'r' , other is secondary  and it's due to  Pharynx constriction.
Don't you think that this is some kind  Pharyngealization of 'r' and with this then it is  is no longer Sonorant but obstruent ,since Sonorants contrast with obstruents....It also mean that  Pharyngealization is also common in Ar. even with 'r' not only with  some emphatics like  [ð̣]  which is written also as  [[ðʕ]  in Arabic ظ?
 Arabic speaking Video for the above-said lecture of Dr. Swed

Another “English speaking  video  ' explaining the  positions  where  'r' must be
pronounced as emphatic  and the positions  where  it must be pronounced as non-emphatic .

« Last Edit: February 11, 2015, 06:54:25 AM by alm-alr »