Linguist Forum

Specializations => Morphosyntax => Topic started by: cavertronix on June 28, 2017, 11:49:28 AM

Title: Verbs
Post by: cavertronix on June 28, 2017, 11:49:28 AM
How do I distinguish among intransitive, monotransitive, ditransitive, complex transitive and copular verbs?
Title: Re: Verbs
Post by: Daniel on June 28, 2017, 04:59:21 PM
This can easily be answered on Wikipedia:
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Transitive_verb
See the navigation menu to the right as well for related topics (intransitive, ditransitive, etc.).

In short, how many arguments does the verb take? Sometimes it can be tricky because a verb can have multiple argument configurations. (Check your textbook for whether you're supposed to classify it twice, or classify it based on the most possible arguments, or something else.)
Title: Re: Verbs
Post by: cavertronix on July 01, 2017, 02:33:38 AM
The problem is my text book just gives me this patterns:
-intransitive: (S+V)
-monotransitive: (S+V+DO)
-copular: (S+V+SP) and (S+V+A)
-ditransitive: (S+V+IO+DO)
-complex transitive (S+V+DO+OP) and (S+V+DO+A).

And I don't know how to classify verbs in more complex sentences.
Title: Re: Verbs
Post by: Daniel on July 01, 2017, 03:50:15 AM
Verbs themselves only form the verb phrase. More complex sentences have other phrases doing other things. Or potentially other things (non-arguments) in the verb phrase like adverbs. "I walk" and "I walk frequently" use the same verb, which is intransitive in both cases, even though there's an additional adverb in the second phrase.
Title: Re: Verbs
Post by: theegrammariancat on July 20, 2017, 12:55:55 AM
What I do is that I check what is after the verb, in this way I can identify if the verb is transitive, intransitive, ditransitive, intensive, or complex.
I assume that when you are talking about more complex sentences you are talking about subordinate clauses, I think my advise still applies in this case.
Title: Re: Verbs
Post by: theegrammariancat on July 20, 2017, 04:03:26 PM
By the way which text book are you using? : D
Title: Re: Verbs
Post by: DerekBar on August 31, 2017, 06:14:47 AM
By the way which text book are you using? : D

I'd like to know this too please!
Title: Re: Verbs
Post by: FlatAssembler on September 16, 2017, 04:19:50 AM
He's probably using Wikipedia.