Author Topic: Generative Grammar  (Read 84 times)

Offline Simeone

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Generative Grammar
« on: January 06, 2018, 05:13:38 PM »
Hey guys,

English is not my native language, but I was wondering weather nouns and adjectives assign case in English? If so, could you give some examples?

Also: There are nouns and adjectives that take complements – what do these complements look like?

Thank you.


Online Daniel

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Re: Generative Grammar
« Reply #1 on: January 06, 2018, 06:29:13 PM »
You called this thread "generative grammar" but that broadly refers to dozens of theories (actually many more) over the last 70+ years. So it's hard to answer your question specifically and the best answer would be found in a textbook or article with a specific analysis of a specific sentence/construction using one iteration of a particular theory.

In general, yes, other parts of speech can select for complements but they are not part of the verbal spine of the clause where the core cases are assigned. Prepositions are similar. You might get dative or genitive but nominative is unlikely. Accusative might be found with some prepositions (but is that a default or actually assigned accusative?). In general in those situations, especially beyond prepositions (and verbs), it's more likely that you get semantic cars than the core grammatical cases. But as I said it depends on the particular analysis. In the most recent iterations of generativism (minimalism, etc.), case is treated not as a property of individual words (and word classes are not even distinguished that much) but as a property of the clause. So in some cases you might get another part of speech functioning as a predicate and have no issues with it also assigning or checking case. But not because of the part of speech. Because of the function in the clause.
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