Author Topic: What is difference of Old Hebrew, classical Hebrew and modern Hebrew?  (Read 491 times)

Offline giselberga

  • Jr. Linguist
  • **
  • Posts: 22
What is difference of Old Hebrew, classical Hebrew and modern Hebrew?
Old Hebrew, classical Hebrew and Modern Hebrew are very different
do you know what is difference of old Hebrew, classical Hebrew and modern Hebrew ?

Offline Daniel

  • Administrator
  • Experienced Linguist
  • *****
  • Posts: 1766
  • Country: us
    • English
Re: What is difference of Old Hebrew, classical Hebrew and modern Hebrew?
« Reply #1 on: April 27, 2018, 07:58:04 PM »
"Old Hebrew" isn't a common term, but it should be synonymous with Biblical Hebrew (and more rarely Classical Hebrew). Although there are more older Hebrew texts than just the Bible, that is the main corpus, and most other writing we have is in some way related at least culturally, and sometimes more directly (for example, many biblical commentaries are written in Hebrew).

Modern Hebrew or Israeli Hebrew is the new version of the language that was created as a revival of older Hebrew, after there were no longer any native speakers, starting around 1900 and then became implemented in the state of Israel as the official language and is one of the few examples of a truly successful language revival in the world. But it's changed quite a bit in terms of grammar, vocabulary and pronunciation, and some influence from European languages. It's not exactly what would have evolved naturally from older Hebrew had it been spoken continuously until now (and I believe it wasn't even intended to be most similar to those vernacular varieties that survived with native speakers for the longest), but it's still clearly a version of Hebrew.
Welcome to Linguist Forum! If you have any questions, please ask.