Author Topic: Can Everyone be replaced by all  (Read 809 times)

Offline mallu

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Can Everyone be replaced by all
« on: August 10, 2016, 10:54:35 AM »
Is it possible to replace all by everyone in the following sentence (Is it at least marginally acceptable?)
* Everyone has not passed the Examination
* All have not passed the Examination.
If this is not possible,Why it is not as all is a pronoun as well.


Offline Daniel

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Re: Can Everyone be replaced by all
« Reply #1 on: August 10, 2016, 02:51:45 PM »
Neither sentence is particularly natural. (I'd say "Someone hasn't passed" or "No one has passed", for clarity.) But both could be used, with the same TWO meanings, either that no one has passed, or that not everyone has. This is due to quantifier scope interaction with negation.

The first sentence would be clearer as "Not everyone..." if you meant that. (The "someone hasn't" reading would disappear.) I suppose "Not all have passed" is also possible, but that also sounds awkward.

"All" seems impersonal to me, talking very generally about a group of things, and not really about a group of people. If you said "All of them" or "All of the students" that would be fine. But as is, it seems to be treating them as statistics rather than as individual people. Sometimes this is fine, though, if you don't intend it very personally. For example, in scientific writing you might say about an experiment "Despite the training, only half passed the final examination." (Or "Due to training, all passed.") But still, using "-one" or another human-specific form is more typical.
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